On August 23, 2023, Union Minister for Education, Dharmendra Pradhan, declared that the new curriculum framework (NCF) in accordance with the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 has been finalized. Textbooks aligned with this framework will be created for the academic session starting in 2024. According to the NCF, board exams will be held biannually, enabling students to sit for two exams within a year and keep the higher score. This approach aims to provide students with ample time and chances to excel academically. Consequently, students can opt to take board exams in subjects they have finished and are confident about.
The upcoming board exams will evaluate comprehension and competency mastery instead of relying on extensive coaching and rote memorization. Starting now, students in Classes 11 and 12 will be required to study two languages, with at least one being an Indian language. Moreover, the selection of subjects will no longer be constrained by traditional streams, granting students the freedom to choose subjects based on their preferences.
“In due course of time, school boards are to develop capacities to offer ‘on demand’ exams in due course of time. Besides board exam test developers and evaluators will have to go through university-certified courses before taking up this work,” it said.
The newly established framework also emphasizes a departure from the current practice of merely "covering" textbooks in classrooms. Instead, it underscores the importance of minimizing textbook costs while ensuring optimal utilization.