How does TB spread?
TB is a very common bacteria which spreads through air from one person to another. When an infected person speaks or sings, the people nearby can end up breathing in the bacteria and get infected by it. Usually the disease is of the lings or throat so these are not usually spread by shaking hands with someone, sharing food with them or kissing or touching their bed linens. Only when a person breathes in the bacteria there are chances for it to settle and grow in the lungs. Family members and other close people are most likely to get infected by TB from another infected person.
BCG vaccination and all you have to know about it:
- The BCG vaccination or the Bacille Calmette-Guerin is a vaccine for tuberculosis disease. Infants and small children are given the vaccine where the disease is very common. But this vaccine is not meant for protecting people always
- Who are given BCG: this vaccine is usually given to children as it has been seen as a very effective solution to some forms of TB. But the Vaccination is not very effective on adults. The vaccine is given mostly as a part of national childhood immunization programme and it is monitored by the World Health Organization or the WHO.
- The skin test: it is a very common sight to see people who have been vaccinated to have positive results when it comes to the TB skin tests. This particular thing makes it even more difficult for anyone to understand whether he or she has TB. There are considerations about whether or not the BCG vaccination will be given, based on the skin test.
- Safety issues pertaining to BCG vaccines: the BCG vaccine can end up having some problems when exposed in the bodies of a child infected with HIV. The main cause for this is a form of bacteria.
- Scars left by BCG: the injection that is injected into the affected person can end up leaving a mark on the place where it is inserted and end up causing mild pain.
Other Tb vaccination
BCG is usually used as a preventive measure, but there are vaccines that can be given to the person after they are infected by the virus. An example of one such vaccine is the RUTI vaccine. This vaccine has got fragments of bacteria which are detoxified and have been seen to have positive results when experimented on animals. Chemotherapy is also another option that some people consider taking on. And along with this, there are even reactivation prevention vaccines. These vaccines reactivate the bacteria and produce antigens. The vaccine then ends up targeting and taking down some of the proteins which were secreted early on.
Tuberculosis is a very big threat to the health of people, especially people having the HIV disease. We know how deadly these two diseases can get. In the end, no treatment might end taking your lie away in an earlier time than expected. TB infection if left untreated can end up turning into a TB disease and it can be very fatal. People who are prone to have TB include people who inject a lot of drugs which are not legal, toddlers and even babies, elderly people and people with a weak immune system. It is very important to track the disease in an early stage so that it can be treated well!