A Thousand Crore Project, LIGO-India might materialize near Udaipur
LIGO-INDIA (LASER Interferometer Gravitational Observatory - India), which will be one of the three gravitational-wave observatories in the world, might come up at Kalyanpura near Kapasan depending upon the results of seismic vibrations to be recorded at the location.
· Third Gravitational-Wave observatory in the world might come up near Kapasan
· Observatory to unveil hidden secretes of the Universe and check the Theory of Relativity by Einstein
· Rs 1000 crore to be invested in the project
· Almost 4 km long vacuum tube to be installed for the observatory
· If the site is selected, many new industries will come up in Udaipur generating hundreds of jobs for the Udaipurites
LIGO-INDIA (LASER Interferometer Gravitational Observatory – India), which will be one of the three gravitational-wave observatories in the world, might come up at Kalyanpura near Kapasan depending upon the results of seismic vibrations to be recorded at the location.
LIGO will detect gravitational waves from planetary bodies, and along with searching for unexplored possibilities, it will collect data to check the authenticity Theory of Relativity by Einstein.
Kalyanpura is one of the many locations in India that have been chosen to monitor the seismic activities as well as the vibrations caused by transportation on nearby national highways, railways, airways and mining of marbles and other minerals.
Solar Panel to provide electricity to Seismometer installed at Kalyanpura
A very sensitive seismometer is installed in Kalayanpura with help of Indian Institute of Seismology and Research, Kolkata. It will take observations for 15 days and the data taken would be analyzed to decide how much is the site suitable as compared to other selected sites in states such as M.P., Karnataka, Chattisgarh etc. Lower the intensity of the vibrations, more the suitability of the site.
This project is of cost of one thousand crores and would be completed in three phases. First phase would be between 2012 and 2017 for establishment of LIGO-INDIA laboratory with expenditure of 600 crores.
Then second phase would be to run the project between 2017 and 2020 with all precisions required over the expenditure of 250 crores, and final phase between 2020 and 2030 to take observations and results of great importance in understanding the secrets of universe, with sanctions of rest amount of 150 crore.
The major significance of the project is to Astrophysics, but at the same time it would lead to the developments in the Udaipur region as various technical industries in vacuum tubes, steel tools for laser beam alignments will have to set up their plants for such a huge project.
Apart from all this, the employment for students, skilled -unskilled manpower, teaching and non-teaching staff, and administrative personnal will be generated. Moreover, Udaipur would be known at the international map because of LIGO-India which would be one among three LIGOs in the world; presently, USA and Europe has one LIGO each.
Team members for the initial observation are Prof Unnikrishnan from TATA Institute and Research Centre, Professor Sharad Gaonkar, Ex Director General of Survey of India, Professor S.N.A. Jaffrey, and Dr.Himanshu from Indian Institute of Seismological Research.